Drone Parts and Components

Drones are becoming more and more autonomous and easier for drone owners to control. There are some fundamental components all drone owners should be familiar with, which keep the drone in the air. Some people opt to construct their drones themselves instead of purchase a readymade drone, which often reduces the costs. This article will cover the basic parts of a fully functional drone and their functionality.

Quadcopter frame

This is a structure (frame) in which all the other parts fit in. It acts as a skeleton in which different components are placed in such a manner that they uniformly distribute the drone’s center of gravity. Different drone’s designs have different quadcopter frames structure with a minimum of 3 propeller fitting gaps. They are available in various shapes and sizes and their price ranges from a mere $10 to $500 depending on their quality.


Motors are essential for the propeller’s rotation. This enhances a thrust force for propelling the drone. Still, the number of motors should be the same as the number of propellers. The motors are also fitted in a way such that they are easily rotated by the controller. Their rotation enhances the drone control in terms of direction. Choosing the right motor is really essential for the efficiency of the drone. You have to check carefully about various parameters such as voltage and current, thrust and thrust to weight ratio, power, efficiency and speed etc.

Electronic Speed Controller (ESC)

This is an electronic control board that varies the motors speed. It also acts as a dynamic brake. The component still helps the ground pilot to approximate the height at which the drone is running in. This is attained by gauging the amount of power used by all the motors. Altitude is associated with power drain from the power reservoirs.

Flight Control/Board

The flight board makes a log of the takeoff place just in case a need arises for the drone to go back to its takeoff location without being guided. This is known as ‘return to home’ feature. It also determines and calculates the drone’s altitude in respect to the amount of power it consumes.


Propellers are clove like blades structured to create a difference in air pressure. When in motion, they cut through the air creating difference in pressure between the top of the rotors and the bottom. The top side is characterized by low pressure as compared to the bottom causing the drone to lift into the air. The price starts from as low as $1 and follows an upward trend depending on their make and model. For example, carbon fiber propellers cost around $50. They are light weight and are break proof, which are qualities not present in propellers costing around $10.

Radio Transmitter

It is a channeled transmitter and a communicator to the drone. Each channel has specific frequency capable of steering the drone in a certain motion. Drones require at least 4 channels for effective operation.

Battery, Electronics and Power Distribution Cables

The battery acts as the power source to the drone. It supplies energy in all the electronics in the framework through the power distribution cables. Nickel Metal Hybrid or Nickel Cadmium based batteries were first used, however, their use has diminished while the use of lithium batteries has increased. They can store a greater amount of energy than the Nickle Cadmium and Nickle Metal Hybrid. The rating of a typical battery is 3000mAh and 4V. It costs about 10$. The electrical and electronic part is a crucial part pertaining to the control and operation of the drone. However, in respect to the purpose of the drone, other components can be either included or omitted. The drone may be functional without these parts, though for multitasking purposes it’s advised to include them.


For video shooting, cameras are attached to the drones. Cameras with the capability of shoot and store or shoot and send are available and used in relation to the operator’s taste or budget. Some use their own cameras while the quality conscious use GoPro cameras.

Landing gear

This is a structure meant for safe landing of the drone. However, it can be exempted since an experienced user is capable of balancing the motors speed for safe landing in emergencies. There are two major types of landing gear. One is fixed landing gear and the other is retractable landing gear.

First Person Video

Though it is expensive in comparison to the normal control device interface (transmitter) screen, it gives the user an interactive 3D view experience. The first person view (FPV) gives the user an ultimate feeling of as if the user is flying in the skies. There are two major components of an FPV system. The first one is the ground component. The ground component is also called the ground station. It consists of a video receiver and a display system on the ground. The second major component is the video receiver. The video receiver receives the data by matching the frequency of the receiver with the transmitter present of the drone. The most common frequencies used for transmission of video are 433 MHz, 869 MHz, 900MHz, 1.2 GHz, 2.4 GHz and 5.8 GHz. Advanced versions of ground components have sophisticated antennas which result in greater image resolution. The airborne component has a camera and a video transmitter on the drone. These are the basic components of a basic FPV system. However, advanced FPV systems have advanced components and functions. For example, the FPV system can be added with a GPS navigation system. It can also have flight data systems. Further advanced FPV systems have “return home” systems which allow the drones to come back to the position from where they initially took off.

In conclusion, these are the major components of a drone. Choosing the right component according to your requirements is a must. You are the one who is going to fly the drone so you know better. The components are available in abundance from various online stores and can be bought easily. Buy them, assemble and combine them and have the time of your life flying your drone.

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Questions You Should Answer Before Buying A Drone

With drones becoming increasingly popular amongst individuals and businesses, new models are constantly being released into the market. Each release comes with the aim to bring improvements in the flying experience. This new technology actually has great potential for different industries and choosing the best drone is what you should be paying attention to in relation to your needs. Whether you are getting a drone for your new flying hobby or for business, there are things that you must take into consideration to end up with the best model. Below are helpful questions you should answer to guide your purchase.

What is my intended use? Remember that different drones have different features to complete specialized tasks easily. If it is just for flying fun, for instance, then it should not matter whether it has a camera or not. If it is for taking pictures and videos, however, then you want to make sure that it comes with a premium camera that you can trust for quality images. Let the tasks that you wish to complete with your drone lead you to the best drones for sale.

What is my budget? Apart from what you can afford, the intended use can determine what amount is reasonable for a drone. Recreational purpose drones are cheaper compared to those that are created for specialized tasks. The rule here would be to get a drone that you can afford and one that gives you the flying experience that you are looking for. For instance, cheaper drones may prove harder to fly for beginners because they lack some features that would otherwise make flying easy. Repairs and maintenance should also feature in the budget considering that drones are crash prone.

What type of drone is more convenient for me? Getting familiar with the types of drones available in the market is paramount in making the most suitable decision in terms of purchase. The types are differentiated by the features and the common drones today are ready to fly or RTF, BNF or bind and fly drones, ARF or almost ready to fly drone, RTH or return to home drones and FPV or first person view drones. You will also find drones with GPS navigation. These types offer varying assembling and flying experiences and you should consider each one before deciding what type works best for you.

Are there are any registration requirements? Usually the weight of the drone will determine whether you need to register it with the relevant agency of not. Most toy drones are not heavy enough to require a registration but you might need to register more sophisticated business related drones to avoid civil penalties. Apart from registering, you will need to adhere to flying guidelines. For instance, you may not be allowed to fly above given heights and near airports.

Where will I fly the drone? This is very important because there are places that are off limits. Think safety and legality when looking at drones for sale.

There are a huge variety of drones for sale. To make the right choice you would have to be clear about your needs so you select a drone with all necessary features to make your flying experience most rewarding.

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